what is shifting cultivation?

Come let's know about this unique use of cultivation, which is known as shifting cultivation.

It is a type of agriculture in which a piece of land is chosen for cropping for a period of time before being abandoned due to a decline in fertility.

Natural flora returns to the previously specified area. The initial plot of land is generally re-covered by natural vegetation after many years and is ready for cleaning and cultivation.

Trees and vegetation are removed and burned first in shifting farming. The cleared field is next plowed and seeds are planted.

This type of farming is mostly done in tropical forest areas. In Assam, it is known as Jhum cultivation, Podu in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, Bevar in Madhya Pradesh, and Ponam in Kerala.

The major disadvantage of shifting cultivars is that many trees are cut in the forest and this increases soil fertility and causes soil erosion.